Chavin de Huantar
The archaeological monument Chavín de Huántar was discovered a hundred years ago and still has a lot to offer. This ceremonial temple, declared a cultural heritage of humanity by UNESCO in 1985, was (re)discovered in 1919 by the anthropologist Julio C. Tello and stands out for its refined architecture, engineering and sculpture.
Chavin de Huantar was built and was inhabited between 1,500 and 300 BC. It has a complex network of paths and underground stone galleries that are illuminated by light entering through light shafts.
In Chavin de Huantar one can see the Lanzon. The Lanzón is the supreme god of Chavín culture and he is represented by a large granite stone of 4.53 meters in size. This god who called Julio Tello 'Lanzon' because of the granite stone in the shape of a spear ("lanza" in Spanish), represents an upright anthropomorphic deity with saber teeth like felines. The face is also cat-like. The arms, legs, ears and all five fingers are human. The toes and hands end in claws. The eyebrows and hairs pass to the shape of snakes. Two large earrings hang from his ears. It is an impressive piece of sculpture.
Chavin de Huantar is a surprising place, but the potential is greater because only 15 percent of the archaeological remains have been discovered to date.